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《英语写作基础》教学大纲
作者:管理员  来源:本站原创  发布时间:2016年5月23日  点击次数:288

《英语写作基础》教学大纲

Basic English Writing

课程编码:08A11170       学分: 2           课程类别:专业基础课     

计划学时:32             其中讲课: 32      实验或实践:0        上机:0

适用专业:英语

推荐教材:丁往道,吴冰著,《英语写作手册》(英文版第三版),外语教学与研究出版社,2009年。

参考书目:

1. J. Langan. College Writing Skills (Sixth Edition) [M]. 北京:外语教学与研究出版社, 2007. 

2. J. M. Lannon. The Writing Process: a Concise Rhetoric (Fifth edition) [M]. New York: Harper Collins Publishers Inc., 1995. 

3. V. R. Narayanaswam. Strengthen Your Writing (Third Edition) [M]. 北京:外语教学与研究出版社, 2007. 

4.王崇义. 英语写作教程[M]. 长沙: 湖南师范大学出版社, 2010.

5. 邹申. 写作教程1-2册(第二版)[M].上海: 上海外语教育出版社, 2011.

课程的教学目的与任务

《英语写作基础》是英语专业基础阶段一门重要的实践课程和必修课程,开设本课程的目的是为了帮助学生确立英语写作规范,培养学生初步的英语书面表达能力和英语写作的基本技能,掌握句子、段落以及应用文写作的基本理论和技巧,写出主题较为突出、内容较为完善、语言较为通顺、格式符合要求的短文。

课程的基本要求

1.掌握英语的书写格式,掌握英语语句、语段和语篇的结构特点;掌握英语记叙文、描写文、说明文和议论文的文体特点和写作技巧;了解英语应用文的格式和特点并能进行一些常用应用文的写作。

2.通过学习和实践,掌握写作技巧,提高书面表达能力和综合运用英语能力;提高观察分析、逻辑思维和批判思维能力。

3.学习和养成严谨的学习态度和诚实的文风。写作内容力求符合要求、健康积极;写作态度要严谨科学,要养成对写作内容斟词酌句、反复修改的好习惯;同时,学会合作学习,与同学在互帮互学中共同进步。

4.本课程采用课堂讲授和写作实践相结合的教学方式。课堂讲授使用多媒体教学,由教师讲解写作技巧并引导学生发现使用规律,结合小组活动和个人训练等各种形式提高学生的写作学习热情。强调写作过程的教学,积极鼓励学生参与课堂教学,培养学生获取和运用知识的能力、分析问题的能力、独立提出见解的能力和创新的能力。在课外布置适量的写作任务,及时操练和巩固所学的语言知识和写作技巧,加强对语言的实际运用能力。

 

     各章节授课内容、教学方法及学时分配建议 

 

第一章:Manuscript Form                                   建议学时: 6                                 

[教学目的与要求] Grasp Manuscript Form in English writing. Learn something about Arrangement, Capitalization, and Word Division & Punctuation.

[教学重点与难点]  Manuscript Form in English writing; Word Division & Punctuation

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节Arrangement &  Capitalization

一、 Arrangement

二、Capitalization

第二节Word Division & Punctuation

一、Word Division

二、Punctuation

第三节Handwriting

第二章:Diction                                                建议学时: 6

[教学目的与要求] Grasp levels and the Meaning Of words; Understand general and specific words, idioms and figures of Speech.

[教学重点与难点] figures of Speech; General and specific words

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节Levels of Words & The Meaning Of Words

一、Levels of Words

二、The Meaning Of Words

第二节General and Specific Words & Idioms

一、General and Specific Words

二、Idioms

第三节Figures of Speech &Dictionaries

一、Figures of SpeechSimileMetaphor,Personification,Metonymy,etc.

二、Dictionaries: Using Dictionaries

第三章:The Sentence                            建议学时:4

[教学目的与要求]Grasp the Complete Sentences and Sentence fragments, types of Sentences. Learn to write the Effective Sentences

[教学重点与难点]  Complete Sentences and Sentence fragments; types of Sentences

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节Complete Sentences and Sentence Fragments & Types of Sentences

一、Complete Sentences and Sentence Fragments

二、Types of Sentences

1DeclarativeInterrogativeImperativeand Exclamatory Sentences

2SimpleCompoundComplexand Compound-Complex Sentences

3Loose, Periodic, and Balanced Sentences

4Short and Long Sentences

第二节Effective Sentences

一、Unity

二、Coherence

三、Conciseness

第四章:The Paragraph                                        建议学时:6

[教学目的与要求] Have a good command of the Criteria of an effective paragraph. Use skillfully Steps in writing a paragraph and ways of Developing Paragraphs.

[教学重点与难点]  ways of Developing Paragraphs

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节Criteria of an Effective Paragraph

一、Unity

二、Coherence   

 三、Transition

第二节Steps in Writing a Paragraph

一、think of the topic, theme or main idea

二、express it in topic sentence

三、think of the details, examples or facts to support the main idea

四、work out an outline

第三节Ways of Developing Paragraphs

一、Development by Time 

二、Development by Process

三、Development by Space

四、Development by Example or Generalization

五、Development by Comparison and Contrast

六、Development by Cause and Effect

七、Development by Classification

八、Development by Definition 

第五章:The Whole Composition                                   建议学时:6

[教学目的与要求] Understand the Criteria of a Good Composition Grammar.  Grasp the Steps in Writing a Composition.

[教学重点与难点]  Three Main Parts of a Composition

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节Criteria of a Good Composition

一、unity

二、proportion

三、something interesting or important

第二节Steps in Writing a Composition

一、Planning a Composition

二、Writing the First Draft

三、Revising the First Draft

四、Making the Final Copy

第三节Three Main Parts of a Composition

一、The Beginning

二、The Middle

三、The End

第六章:The Summary and Book Report                            建议学时: 4

[教学目的与要求] Understand the skills in writing a summary; Make a good command of the skills in writing a book report.

[教学重点与难点]  practicing writing a summary and book report

[      ] Take the approach of lecture combined with personal writing practice and group work; Traditional teaching approach combined with modern teaching facility—Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)

[      ]

第一节The Summary

一、topic sentences

二、outlines

三、conclusions

第二节Book Report

一、reading the book

二、grasping the main idea

三、giving your comments

 

撰稿人:贾春霞      审核人: 宋庆伟

 

 

 

 

                                        

 
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